Diagnosis of kidney failure

Diagnosis of kidney failure





Blood tests


Blood urea and serum creatinine are the indicators of kidney function,  a sudden rise in these levels may indicate kidney failure.

Urine quantity measurements


This kind of test is used to measure the volume of urine output and fluid intake, if any difference is found, then it could be due to a urinary blockage, which can be caused by multiple illnesses or injuries

Urine analysis


Urine is taken for a sample to test for any abnormal issues, including abnormal protein or sugar that spills out of the urine. Urinary sediment test also may be done for the measurement of the amount of red blood cells and white blood cells, for finding high levels of bacteria, and for high levels of cellular casts.

Imaging


Ultrasound scan, MRI scan, and CT scans are done for and urinary tract to find out for blockages or irregularities in the kidneys.

Renal Biopsy



Some of the tissue samples are taken and examined for any abnormal deposits, scarring, or infectious organisms. A biopsy is a simple procedure which is performed while you are awake and will have a local anaesthesia to reduce pain. To collect sample a biopsy needle inserted through the skin and down into the kidney. Ultrasound equipment is used to locate the kidneys during the procedure.

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